I’ve been watching Tudor Monastery Farm on BBC 2 and they have just shown how tiles would have been made by hand in Tudor times.
The encaustic technique they used was how the tiles for the floor in St George’s Hall were made. Of course Minton wouldn’t have made them by hand it wouldn’t have been cost effective. They used a mass produced process which meant they could make such large floors.
I found these two videos from Somerset museums showing the process:-