One of the pieces I have used in the Exercise Finding Affinities is this Wall Hanging by Anni Albers (Annelise Fleischmann) an artist that I had to research for my last textiles module Exploring Ideas. She was a student at the Bauhaus in Germany from 1922 were she met her husband Josef Albers.
The Bauhaus was founded by Walter Gropius originally in Weimar from 1919 to 1925, moving to Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and finally to Berlin from 1932 to 1933 when it was forced to close by the Nazi regime who considered it promoted ‘degenerate art’. Many of the teachers including Anni Albers, Wassily Kandinsky and Paul Klee fled Germany and took the Bauhaus ethos to their new homes, were it had a major impact on art and architecture.
Bauhaus combined crafts and the fine arts with the idea of creating a “total” work of art in which all arts, including architecture, would eventually be brought together.
This page on the Metropolitan Museum of Art website gives an overview of the philosophy behind the Bauhaus.