Exercise: Exploring Modern Art Part 1

There was an explosion of art movements in the early years of the 20th century so my first task is to choose one of them and do more research.

First though I am looking at some of the most obvious modern art movements and do some research before choosing just one to look at in depth.

Fauvism

Les Fauves (french for the wild beasts) was the first avant-garde movement to emerge in the early 1900’s, they exhibited at the Salon d’Autumn in 1905 and its’ central figures where Henri Matisse and Andre Derain.  As a movement it only lasted a short time and had three exhibitions.

Exponents of Fauvism used wild brush work and bright colours.

http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/fauv/hd_fauv.htm

http://www.theartstory.org/movement-fauvism.htm

http://www.artyfactory.com/art_appreciation/art_movements/fauvism.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fauvism

Expressionism

Originated in Germany and artists wanted to express meaning or emotional feelings in their artworks not physical reality.

http://www.moma.org/explore/collection/ge/

http://www.theartstory.org/movement-expressionism.htm

http://www.artyfactory.com/art_appreciation/art_movements/expressionism.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Expressionism

Cubism

Cubism began between 1907-1911 and pioneered by Pablo Picasso and George Braque. It is considered to be the most influential art movement of the 20th century.  Instead of painting an object from one viewpoint the artist analyzes, breaks it up and reassembles it in an abstract form and from many viewpoints.

http://www.theartstory.org/movement-cubism.htm

http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/cube/hd_cube.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cubism

Abstract

http://www.artgallery.co.uk/news/abstract_art

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abstract_art

Futurism

Futurism started in Italy but was not only practiced in painting but also sculpture, ceramics, textiles and architecture.  An Italian writer Filippo Tommaso Marinetti founded the movement in his Futurist Manifesto on 5th February 1905.  He hated anything old, especially political and artistic tradition.

http://www.theartstory.org/movement-futurism.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Futurism

Dada

Dadism   (French for Hobby Horse) began in Zurich, Switzerland in 1916 before spreading to Berlin and was a protest against nationalist and colonialist interests which they believed was the root cause of World War I.

http://www.theartstory.org/movement-dada.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dada

Surrealism

Was an artistic and literary movement launched in 1924 and developed out of DADA or DADAISM.  Founded by Andre Breton the french writer, poet and critic who was one of the leaders of the Dada art movement.  Surrealism was inspired by the thoughts and visions of the subconscious mind.  Surrealists explored a variety of styles and techniques but there was no specifically Surrealist style in painting.  It became the dominant force in Western art between the 1st and 2nd World wars.

(I wrote this for Drawing 1 back in 2005 but I didn’t put it in for assessement so have included it here) Was an artistic and literary movement launched in 1924 that developed out of DADA (French for Hobby Horse) or DADAISM (the artistic and literary movement founded in 1915 in a spirit of rebellion and disillusionment during the 1st World War which had a short life until about 1922).

Founded by Andrè Breton (1896-1966) the French writer, poet and critic, who was one of the leaders of the Dada art movement. Surrealism was inspired by the thoughts and visions of the subconscious mind.  Surrealists explored a variety of styles and techniques but there was no specifically Surrealist style in painting.  It became the dominant force in Western art between the 1st and 2nd World wars.

 

An artist most famously connected with Surrealism was Spaniard Salvador Dali, who at the International Surrealist Exhibition in 1936 gave a lecture wearing a diving suit, accompanied by two wolfhounds. No one could hear what he said, and he nearly suffocated.

In the early 1920’s in some of Pablo Picasso’s post-Cubist work a strong Surrealist element is found.

Surrealism did not survive the 2nd  World War in any meaningful form, but it did have a liberating effect on a number of artists of the present time, among them Graham Sutherland and Henry Moore.

http://www.theartstory.org/movement-surrealism.htm

http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/surr/hd_surr.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surrealism

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